Why Delayed Gratification in the Marshmallow Test Doesn’t Equal Success

first_imgIf you give a kid a marshmallow, she’s going to ask for a graham cracker. And maybe some milk. Eventually, she’ll want another marshmallow. (Or so the popular children’s book goes.) But if you ask a kid to wait 15 minutes before eating that marshmallow, promising a second if she holds out, she’s going to have a hard time complying.This dilemma, commonly known as the marshmallow test, has dominated research on children’s willpower since 1990, when Stanford psychologist Walter Mischel and his colleagues published their groundbreaking study on the topic. Overall, they found that those who stop themselves from eating the first marshmallow in order to obtain the second ostensibly exhibit better self-control, a characteristic they linked with later academic and career success.But according to a new study published in Psychological Science, the marshmallow test is not as decisive as previous research suggests. Instead, results vary based on background factors including socioeconomic status, home environment, and early cognitive ability. Read the whole story: Smithsonian More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

Indians Build AL Central Lead to Six Games, Top White Sox 3-1

first_img Matt Loede has been a part of the Cleveland Sports Media for over 21 years, with experience covering Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, the National Football League and even high school and college events. He has been a part of the Cleveland Indians coverage since the opening of Jacobs/Progressive Field in 1994, and spent two and a half years covering the team for 92.3 The Fan, and covers them daily for Associated Press Radio. You can follow Matt on Twitter HERE. Related TopicsCody AllenCorey KluberIndiansMLBWhite Sox CLEVELAND – The Indians added to their American League Central lead on Tuesday night, getting a couple key hits when needed as they topped the Chicago White Sox 3-1 at Progressive Field.Corey Kluber held his own against White Sox stingy pitcher Jose Quintana, who entered Tuesday with an ERA of 2.85. Kluber allowed traffic a couple of times against the Sox, but was able to go six innings, allowing one run on seven hits in the win.With the win Kluber moves to 13-8 on the season, and has now won his last five decisions. The last time he did that was in September of 2014 – the season he won the Cy Young.On the night the Tribe ace walked two and struck out seven, with two of those K’s coming to end innings in which the Sox had runners on.His only mistake was in the 6th when Justin Morneau homered to right to at the time cut the Indians lead in half to 2-1.During this win streak, Kluber has walked nine and struck out 46, and has allowed just nine earned runs in 49 innings. With the staff having that recent stretch in which they scuffled against the Twins, Kluber has been the rock of the rotation.The offense didn’t go much against Quintana, but they got a couple big hits, including two doubles in the first by Jason Kipnis and then Francisco Lindor to give the team a 1-0 lead.They got it to 2-0 in the third when Mike Napoli singled to left, scoring Rajai Davis.Kluber was able to keep the Sox in check, and the Indians added to their 2-1 lead after Andrew Miller came in and got Chicago out in the 7th.Roberto Perez hit a leadoff double, and two batters later Kipnis singled and put the team ahead for good at 3-1.Miller got Chicago out in the 8th, and Cody Allen came in the 9th and recorded his 23rd save.With the win the Indians moved to 68-49, and now have a six game lead over the Detroit Tigers for control of the division after the Tigers fell at home to the Kansas City Royals 6-1.Detroit has lost seven of their last 10, and the Indians have added four games onto their AL Central lead after the Tigers had gotten it down to two games just 10 days ago. What’s helped is the fact the Indians have dominated the AL Central, winning now 32 of 48 games against Central foes. The team has also gone now 5-1 on this critical 11-game homestand. Wednesday night the same two teams will go at it, as Carlos Carrasco (8-6, 3.21) goes for the Indians against Anthony Ranaudo (0-1, 4.05) at 7:10pm. center_img Matt Loedelast_img read more

Wozniacki quits Sydney opener

first_imgSYDNEY – World No. 8 Caroline Wozniacki pulled out of her first match at the Sydney International with a wrist injury on Monday, a week before the start of the Australian Open.The 24-year-old Dane, who lost in the final of the Auckland Classic last week, had already had her left wrist strapped when she was forced to retire from her first-round match against Barbora Zahlavova Strycova. GET THE BEST OF THE JAPAN TIMES IN FIVE EASY PIECES WITH TAKE 5center_img The fourth seed lost the first set 6-4 and had just saved break points to hold her first service game at the start of the second set, leaving Zahlavova Strycova to go through to a second round tie against Samantha Stosur.Stosur had earlier progressed with a rain-disrupted 7-6 (7-3), 5-7, 6-3 victory over another Czech in Lucie Safarova. last_img read more